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  • Right to a Fair and Public Hearing

    Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, impartial, and independent tribunal in determination of his/her rights.
    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “In the determination of any criminal charge against him, or of his rights and obligations in a suit at law, everyone shall be entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established by law.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “Migrant workers and their families shall have the right to equality with nationals of the State concerned before the courts and tribunals. In the determination of any criminal charge against them or their rights and obligations in a suit of law, they shall be entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established by law.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “Every person has the right to a hearing, with due guarantees and within a reasonable time, by a competent, independent, and impartial tribunal, previously established by law, in the substantiation of any accusation of a criminal nature made against him or for the determination of his rights and obligations of a civil, labor, fiscal, or other nature.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “All persons shall be equal before the judicial system. In the determination of any charge against him, everyone shall be entitled to a fair and public hearing within a reasonable amount of time by an independent and impartial court.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “In the determination of his civil rights and obligations or of any criminal charge against him, everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law. Judgment shall be pronounced publicly but the press and public may be excluded from all or part of the trial in the interests of morals, public order or national security in a democratic society, where the interests of juveniles or the protection of the private life of the parties so require, or to the extent strictly necessary in the opinion of the court in special circumstances where publicity would prejudice the interests of justice.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “To this end, everyone whose rights or freedoms are allegedly violated has the right, either in person or through legally authorized representation, to complain to and have that complaint promptly reviewed in a public hearing before an independent, impartial and competent judicial or other authority established by law and to obtain from such authority a decision, in accordance with law, providing redress, including any compensation due, where there has been a violation of that person’s rights or freedoms, as well as enforcement of the eventual decision and award, all without undue delay.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “The participating States will endeavour to provide for judicial review of such regulations and decisions.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “The participating States will respect the internationally recognized standards that relate to the independence of judges and legal practitioners and the impartial operation of the public judicial service including, inter alia, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.”

    • Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “The participating States will, in implementing the relevant standards and commitments, ensure that the independence of the judiciary is guaranteed and enshrined in the constitution or the law of the country and is respected in practice, paying particular attention to the Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary, which, inter alia, provide for (i) prohibiting improper influence on judges; (ii) preventing revision of judicial decisions by administrative authorities, except for the rights of the competent authorities to mitigate or commute sentences imposed by judges, in conformity with the law; (iii) protecting the judiciary’s freedom of expression and association, subject only to such restrictions as are consistent with its functions; (iv) ensuring that judges are properly qualified, trained and selected on a non-discriminatory basis; (v) guaranteeing tenure and appropriate conditions of service, including on the matter of promotion of judges, where applicable; (vi) respecting conditions of immunity; (vii) ensuring that the disciplining, suspension and removal of judges are determined according to law.”

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

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Spanish; Castilian

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International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

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Spanish; Castilian

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Chinese

Arabic

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American Convention on Human Rights

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Spanish; Castilian

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Commonwealth of Independent States Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Spanish; Castilian

Russian

English

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Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

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Thai

Italian

Greek, Modern (1453-)

Bosnian

Spanish; Castilian

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English

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Document of the Moscow Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE

English

French

German

Italian

Russian

Spanish; Castilian

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