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  • Equal Suffrage

    Elections must be held by equal suffrage.
    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Education, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation

      “To vote and be elected at genuine periodic elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret ballot, guaranteeing the free expression of the will of the voter.”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Education, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation

      “In compliance with the fundamental obligations laid down in article 2 of this Convention, States Parties undertake to prohibit and to eliminate racial discrimination in all its forms and to guarantee the right of everyone, without distinction as to race, color, or national or ethnic origin, to equality before the law, notably in the enjoyment of the following rights: (c) Political rights, in particular the right to participate in elections-to vote and to stand for election-on the basis of universal and equal suffrage, to take part in the Government as well as in the conduct of public affairs at any level and to have equal access to public service.”

    • Vote Counting and Tabulation, Voter Registration, Voter Education, Voting Operations, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation

      “Every citizen shall enjoy the following rights: b. to vote and to be elected in genuine periodic elections, which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and by secret ballot that guarantees the free expression of the will of the voters.”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Education, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation

      “Everyone shall have the right and opportunity and in the state of which he is a citizen (b) to vote and to be elected at elections held on the basis of universal and equal suffrage by secret ballot, that guarantees the free expression of the will of the voters.”

    • Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Education

      “[E]very citizen has one vote or equal number of votes with other citizens, and they have the right to exercise on the equal basis with other citizens their voting right, and their vote(s) has (have) the same weight as votes of other voters, and the weight of vote (votes) of the voter should not be affected by the election system applied in the state.”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Education, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation

      “The principle of one person, one vote must apply, and within the framework of each State’s electoral system, the vote of one elector should be equal to the vote of another.”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Education, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation

      “The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Education, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation

      “To ensure that the will of the people serves as the basis of the authority of government, the participating States will: (7.3) guarantee universal and equal suffrage to adult citizens.”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Registration, Voter Education, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation

      “Every citizen has the right to vote in periodic and genuine elections, which should be by universal and equal suffrage and by secret ballot, guaranteeing the free expression of the will of the electors, in accordance with national law. ”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Voter Education, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation

      “Every voter is entitled to exercise his or her right equally with others and to have his or her vote accorded equivalent weight to that of others.”

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

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International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

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American Convention on Human Rights

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Commonwealth of Independent States Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

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Convention on the Standards of Democratic Elections, Electoral Rights and Freedoms in the Commonwealth of Independent States

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General Comment No. 25: The Right to Participate in Public Affairs, Voting Rights and the Right to Equal Access to Public Service (Article 25)

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE

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ASEAN Human Rights Declaration

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Declaration on Criteria for Free and Fair Elections

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