An effective and timely remedy was available for all citizens for violations of their rights throughout the electoral process
- Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by a competent national tribunal for acts that violate his or her rights or freedoms.
- Individuals must have the right to a remedy for violation of their participatory rights relating to the election process.
- Remedy should be available for complaints arising throughout the electoral process.
- An effective remedy requires reparation for harm done.
- States must enforce a remedy when granted.
- At times, an effective remedy may require States Parties to take interim measures.
- Effective redress requires disputes to be dealt with in a timely manner.
- Electors and candidates may both be given standing in appeals of election results.