"Related to the protection to these prerequisite rights is the importance of a fully functioning, independent judiciary. The judiciary is the principal national body charged with the protection of the rule of law, both during and between election periods. Additionally, in order to ensure the existence of effective avenues through which people can express objections and complaints regarding the election process, it is necessary to guarantee a judiciary that is totally unconstrained by any partisan influence or control. The following are some of the basic principles on the independence of the judiciary: (a) judicial independence must be guaranteed in the Constitution or other law of the country; (b) Judicial impartiality must be guaranteed without any restrictions, improper influences, inducements, pressures, threats of interferences, direct or indirect; (c) The judiciary must have exclusive authority to determine competence to adjudicate; (d) Judicial decisions shall not be subject to revision. This principles should be without prejudice to judicial review of lower court decisions and mitigation or commutation by competent authorities of sentences imposed by the judiciary in accordance with the law; (e) The judiciary must be entitled and required to ensure the judicial proceedings are conducted fairly and that the rights of parties are respected; (f) States are required to provide adequate resources to enable a proper functioning of the judiciary."