"Governments have an important negative obligation not to impede the media in playing these functions. In addition, and at least as importantly, governments have a positive obligation to facilitate media pluralism in order to expose the public to the widest variety of sources of information. Indeed, the obligation contained in Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), guaranteeing freedom of expression and freedom of information, applies only to governments and certainly not to individual media organizations."
ACE: The Electoral Knowledge Network: The ACE Encyclopaedia: Media and Elections, p. 67

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The ACE Encyclopaedia: Media and Elections