"Member states may limit the right of access to official documents. Limitations should be set down precisely in law, be necessary in a democratic society and be proportionate to the aim of protecting: i. national security, defence and international relations; ii. public safety; iii. the prevention, investigation and prosecution of criminal activities; iv. privacy and other legitimate private interests; v. commercial and other economic interests, be they private or public; vi. the equality of parties concerning court proceedings; vii. nature; viii. inspection, control and supervision by public authorities; ix. the economic, monetary and exchange rate policies of the state; x. the confidentiality of deliberations within or between public authorities during the internal preparation of a matter. 2. Access to a document may be refused if the disclosure of the information contained in the official document would or would be likely to harm any of the interests mentioned in paragraph 1, unless there is an overriding public interest in disclosure. "
DocumentUN (CAC/COSP): Resolutions and decisions adopted by the Conference of the State Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, at its fourth session, para. IV.1-2
- Access to information may be restricted only in limited cases, including in the interest of national security.
- Access to information may be restricted only in limited cases, including in the interest of territorial integrity.
- Access to information may be restricted only in limited cases, including in the interest of preventing crime or disorder.