"The transmission of the results per telephone, fax or electronically and the personal transfer of copies of election protocols to higher level electoral commission are vital operations, the importance of which is often overlooked (see also CDL-AD(2002)023rev, para. 51). Although these processes deserve closer attention, they seldom attract the observers’ interest. It should be noted, however, that the transmission of election results and the transfer of election documents from lower to higher electoral commissions can be a source of error and manipulation. Special safeguards should be considered (security codes for transmitting; accompanied and observed transport; re-check of results based on original copies of election protocols; etc.). "
CoE (Venice Commission): Report on Electoral Law and Electoral Administration in Europe, para. 162

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Report on Electoral Law and Electoral Administration in Europe