"States have a positive obligation to promote the right to freedom of peaceful assembly. This requires States not merely to refrain from interfering with assemblies, but also to take positive steps to enable individuals to express their views, including through protecting assemblies from attacks by third parties and by otherwise facilitating the ability for the right to freedom of assembly to be exercised."
DocumentUN (OHCHR), OAS, OSCE (ODIHR), ACHPR, OAS (IACHR), OSCE: Joint Declaration on the Right to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association , para. 2.a
- States must take the steps necessary to give effect to human rights.
- Necessary steps to give effect to human rights include a requirement to prevent, punish, investigate, or redress violations of human rights by non-state actors.
- The state is obliged to provide and to cover costs related to the holding of assemblies in public spaces, including security, medical care, and cleaning.