Prior to the derogation of human rights and electoral obligations, a state of emergency was publicly announced
- Measures derogating from provisions of the covenant must be of a temporary and exceptional nature and strictly required by the exigencies of the situation.
- The state must publicly announce a state of emergency before any derogation measures are put into place.
- Laws governing states of emergency should provide a prompt and independent review by the legislature of the necessity of derogation measures.
- At times, in a state of emergency, it may be necessary for a state to relax the full protection of human rights and electoral obligations or derogate their obligations.