When derogating obligations and/or restricting human rights, the least restrictive measures were taken and no limitations were placed on nonderogable rights
- In applying a limitation, a state should use the least restrictive means required.
- Derogation measures cannot discriminate on the basis of race, color, sex, language, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, or social origin.
- Provisions of internal law may not be used as justification for failure to perform a treaty.
- Limitations must respect the non-derogable nature of certain rights and may not undermine the exercise of rights protected by other international obligations of the state.