Choice of the Electoral System
- The electoral system did not discriminate against citizens on grounds prohibited by international law
- The electoral system allowed multiparty participation and actual and equal representation
- The electoral system was enshrined in law at the highest level (e.g., the constitution)
- The legal framework defined the formulas to be used to convert votes into mandates
- States must take the steps necessary to give effect to human rights.
- All branches of the government and other public or governmental authorities are responsible for meeting the obligation to give effect to human rights.
- Laws must be consistent with international human rights.
- The fundamental aspects of the electoral law should be enshrined in the constitution or at another level higher than ordinary law.
- While no electoral system is prescribed by international law, the system chosen must be consistent with international obligations and should be clearly stated in law.
- The rules should clearly state the electoral formula to be used to convert votes into mandates and the electoral timeline for the announcement and certification of results.
- The delimitation of boundaries should be enshrined in the constitution or at another level above ordinary law.
- Electoral system design should take into account the needs and facilitate participation and representation of vulnerable groups, including of women, minorities, and persons with disabilities.