"In some established democracies, national and local government officials, whose neutrality and fairness are generally accepted by the electorate, handle electoral administration. Ordinary courts settle disputes, as they have a tradition of fairness and neutrality and generally enjoy the confidence of the electorate. In emerging democracies, there has been an increasing trend to establish independent EMBs. This is seen as an important step in building a tradition of independence and impartiality, as well as building the confidence of the electorate and political parties in the electoral process; however, since there is yet no internally-recognized standard in this respect, the term “independent EMB”...means an autonomous and impartial EMB."
DocumentInternational IDEA: International Electoral Standards: Guidelines for Reviewing the Legal Framework of Elections, p. 37
- Election management bodies should be impartial and should not discriminate in the performance of their public function.
- The state should establish an independent and impartial election body.
- The composition of the election commission can vary, but the principles of independence and impartiality should be upheld.