"The government, with international assistance where appropriate, should undertake an independent review of the events to determine the causes of the violence and necessary reforms. Investigations in such cases should aim to review the individual and structural causes or conditions for the killings in full, including whether the police use of force guidelines comply with the international law on the use of force; whether the police have any and appropriate plans for crowd-control situations; whether police have equipment and weapons appropriate for crowd control; the role of police intelligence; whether there were failures in the police command and control; and what orders were given to police."
DocumentUNHRC: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary, or Arbitrary Executions, Philip Alston: Addendum on Election-Related Violence and Killings, para. 57
- Any security-related restrictions of freedoms and the use of force by public security providers must be based in law, necessary, and proportionate to the objective of maintaining public order.
- Malfeasance, unlawful actions or omissions by public security providers should be promptly investigated and entail appropriate liability set by law.