"The term “measures” encompasses a wide variety of legislative, executive, administrative and other regulatory instruments, policies and practices, such as outreach or support programmes; allocation and/or reallocation of resources; preferential treatment; targeted recruitment, hiring and promotion; numerical goals connected with time frames; and quota systems. "
DocumentUN (CEDAW): General Recommendation No. 25 on Temporary Special Measures (Article 4, paragraph 1) , para. 22
- Special measures for advancing women where they have suffered past discrimination may include quotas to ensure participation or representation.
- Temporary special measures to achieve de facto equality for women can include financially assisting and training women candidates, amending electoral procedures, developing campaigns directed at equal participation, and targeting women for appointment to public positions, or the use of quotas.
- Measures to promote the participation and representation of women could include gender-targeted public funding of political parties.