Election Obligations & Standards Database
Special measures for advancing women where they have suffered past discrimination may include quotas to ensure participation or representation.
Equality Between Men and Women
Candidacy and Campaigning
The state took steps to ensure de facto equality between men and women
[Member states should] consider adopting legislative reforms to introduce parity thresholds for candidates in elections at local, regional, national and supra-national levels. Where proportional lists exist, consider the introduction of zipper systems.