The state took steps to ensure de facto equality between men and women
- Discrimination must not be practiced based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, sexual orientation, disability, gender identity and expression, migrant, refugee, repatriate, stateless or internally displaced status, genetic trait, mental or physical health condition, including infectious contagious condition and debilitating psychological condition, or other status at any time.
- Election management bodies should ensure that women and marginalized groups participate in the electoral process.
- Temporary special measures to achieve de facto equality for women can include financially assisting and training women candidates, amending electoral procedures, developing campaigns directed at equal participation, and targeting women for appointment to public positions, or the use of quotas.
- Discrimination includes any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or preference on the basis of sex.
- Discrimination must not be practiced based on sex.
- Discrimination means any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or preference on the basis of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, or national or social origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability.
- Special measures for advancing women where they have suffered past discrimination may include quotas to ensure participation or representation.
- The state must perform both its "negative duty" to refrain from discrimination against women and its "positive duty" to prevent discrimination against women.
- Where linguistic minorities exist, those that belong to such minorities should not be denied the right to use their own language.
- States should take special, temporary measures to achieve de facto equality for women.
- Redistricting should not discriminate against any citizen on the basis of sex.
- Measures should be taken to ensure that women understand their right to vote.
- The voter registration system should be carefully tailored to ensure that cultural factors affecting women (name changes with marriage) do not result in disenfranchisement.
- All are equal before the law, and laws should be equally enforced.
- Women should enjoy equality with men before the law.
- Temporary measures to achieve de facto equality for women may include the use of quotas to ensure their participation or representation.