The state took steps to ensure de facto equality between men and women
- Where linguistic minorities exist, those that belong to such minorities should not be denied the right to use their own language.
- Collection and publication of gender-disaggregated information around electoral processes contributes to raising awareness and advancement of women's rights.
- Special measures for advancing women where they have suffered past discrimination may include quotas to ensure participation or representation.
- The voter registration system should be carefully tailored to ensure that cultural factors affecting women (name changes with marriage) do not result in disenfranchisement.
- Discrimination must not be practiced based on sex.
- Election management bodies should ensure that women and marginalized groups participate in the electoral process.
- Discrimination must not be practiced based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, sexual orientation, disability, gender identity and expression, migrant, refugee, repatriate, stateless or internally displaced status, genetic trait, mental or physical health condition, including infectious contagious condition and debilitating psychological condition, or other status at any time.
- Measures to promote the participation and representation of women could include gender-targeted public funding of political parties.
- Temporary measures to achieve de facto equality for women may include the use of quotas to ensure their participation or representation.
- Temporary special measures to achieve de facto equality for women can include financially assisting and training women candidates, amending electoral procedures, developing campaigns directed at equal participation, and targeting women for appointment to public positions, or the use of quotas.
- Discrimination includes any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or preference on the basis of sex.
- All are equal before the law, and laws should be equally enforced.
- Women should enjoy equality with men before the law.
- Electoral system design should take into account the needs and facilitate participation and representation of vulnerable groups, including of women, minorities, and persons with disabilities.
- The state must perform both its "negative duty" to refrain from discrimination against women and its "positive duty" to prevent discrimination against women.
- Discrimination means any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or preference on the basis of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, or national or social origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability.
- Redistricting should not discriminate against any citizen on the basis of sex.
- States should take special, temporary measures to achieve de facto equality for women.
- Measures should be taken to ensure that women understand their right to vote.