"Without structural and procedural safeguards to ensure independence and impartiality, public perception that election investigations favor a particular side in a dispute could endanger the democratic legitimacy and the credibility of the entire electoral process."
DocumentIFES: Election Investigations Guidebook: Standards, Techniques and Resources for Investigating Disputes in Elections (STRIDE), p. 124
- Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, impartial, and independent tribunal in determination of his/her rights.
- In the determination of suits at law the independence and impartiality of tribunals is an absolute right.
- Any body that meets the criteria of impartiality and independence can be considered a tribunal.
- Independence of the judiciary requires proper procedures detailing appointment, term limits, security, and remuneration.
- Impartiality requires that judges act without bias, and that the tribunal appears unbiased to the reasonable observer.