"In order to impart justice in a manner that is absolutely faithful to the mandate of the constitution and the law, it is not enough for EDRBs to enjoy structural autonomy and functional independence. It is also necessary that those who judge electoral matters act with absolute independence, impartiality and professionalism in their individual capacity, without recognizing any subordination to any interest or will other than those stated by law."
DocumentInternational IDEA: Electoral Justice: The International IDEA Handbook , p. 94
- Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, impartial, and independent tribunal in determination of his/her rights.
- In the determination of suits at law the independence and impartiality of tribunals is an absolute right.
- Any body that meets the criteria of impartiality and independence can be considered a tribunal.
- Impartiality requires that judges act without bias, and that the tribunal appears unbiased to the reasonable observer.