States should protect the independence of the judiciary.
- State Parties to the present Charter shall have the duty to guarantee the independence of the Courts and shall allow the establishment and improvement of appropriate national institutions entrusted with the promotion and protection of the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the present Charter.
- State parties shall strive to institutionalize good political governance through: 3. An independent judiciary.
- Judges shall be independent in the discharge of their duties.
- States should take specific measures guaranteeing the independence of the judiciary, protecting judges from any form of political influence in their decision-making through the constitution or adoption of laws establishing clear procedures and objective criteria for the appointment, remuneration, tenure, promotion, suspension and dismissal of the members of the judiciary and disciplinary sanctions taken against them.
- In support of Good Governance We have agreed to: ensure the independence of the judicial system that will be able to prevent abuse of power and corruption.
- The executive and legislative powers should ensure that judges are independent and that steps are not taken which could endanger the independence of judges.
- The independence of the judiciary shall be guaranteed by the State and enshrined in the Constitution or the law of the country. It is the duty of all governmental and other institutions to respect and observe the independence of the judiciary.
- This recommendation is applicable to all persons exercising judicial functions, including those dealing with constitutional, criminal, civil, commercial and administrative law matters... All necessary measures should be taken to respect, protect and promote the independence of judges.
- In the decision-making process judges should be independent and be able to act without any restriction, improper influence, inducements, pressures, threats or interferences, direct or indirect, from any quarter or for any reason. The law should provide for sanctions against persons seeking to influence judges in any such manner.
- At the beginning of the new century and millennium, we reaffirm our commitment to the promotion of democracy and its core values in our respective countries. In particular, we undertake to work with renewed determination to enforce…adherence to the separation of powers, including the protection of the independence of the judiciary and of effective parliaments.
- The independence of judges and the impartial operation of the public judicial service will be ensured.
- It is necessary to guarantee a judiciary that is totally unconstrained by any partisan influence or control. The following are some of the basic principles of the independence of the judiciary….States are required to provide adequate resource to enable proper functioning of the judiciary.