The state provided an effective (timely and enforceable) remedy to all citizens for violations of their rights, including in the context of voting operations
- Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by a competent national tribunal for acts that violate his or her rights or freedoms.
- Individuals must have the right to a remedy for violation of their participatory rights relating to the election process.
- Remedy should be available for complaints arising throughout the electoral process.
- Effective redress requires disputes to be dealt with in a timely manner.