Right to an Effective Remedy and Voting Operations
- Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by a competent national tribunal for acts that violate his or her rights or freedoms.
- Individuals must have the right to a remedy for violation of their participatory rights relating to the election process.
- Remedy should be available for complaints arising throughout the electoral process.
- Effective redress requires disputes to be dealt with in a timely manner.
- States must take the steps necessary to give effect to human rights.
- The requirement to take steps to give effect to human rights is unqualified and of immediate effect.
- Necessary steps to give effect to human rights include education of the population and state officials in human rights.
- Necessary steps to give effect to human rights include a requirement to prevent, punish, investigate, or redress violations of human rights by non-state actors.
- Necessary steps to give effect to human rights include an obligation to regulate violations of human rights by non-state actors.
- The state has a duty to punish cases of electoral fraud.