"Tak[e] proactive measures to eliminate all barriers in law and in practice that prevent or hinder citizens, in particular women, persons belonging to marginalized groups or minorities, persons with disabilities and persons in vulnerable situations, from participating fully in effectively in political and public affairs, including, inter alia, reviewing and repealing measures that unreasonably restrict the right to participate in public affairs, and considering adopting, on the basis of reliable data on participation, temporary special measure, including legislative acts, aimed at increasing the participation of underrepresented groups in all aspects of political and public life; "
DocumentUNHRC: Equal Participation in Political and Public Affairs, art. 7(d)
- Every citizen has the right to vote.
- Every citizen has the right to be elected.
- Everyone has the right to association.
- Political parties, candidates, and citizens have the right to organize and participate in public rallies and conduct legitimate campaigning without undue influence.
- Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, whether through public speeches or other means.
- Everyone has the right to seek and receive information.
- Everyone has the right to security of the person without arbitrary arrest or detention.
- All are equal before the law, and laws should be equally enforced.
- Discrimination must not be practiced based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, sexual orientation, disability, gender identity and expression, migrant, refugee, repatriate, stateless or internally displaced status, genetic trait, mental or physical health condition, including infectious contagious condition and debilitating psychological condition, or other status at any time.
- Discrimination must not be practiced based on sex.
- Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, impartial, and independent tribunal in determination of his/her rights.
- Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by a competent national tribunal for acts that violate his or her rights or freedoms.
- Elections must be held by universal suffrage.
- Electoral legislation should include procedures and a range of penalties aimed at preventing corruption in various sectors.
- States have a duty to protect the fundamental human rights of all within their jurisdiction.
- The scheduling of voting processes must allow adequate time to successfully implement other necessary components of the electoral process.
- Suspension or exclusion of participatory rights is prohibited except on grounds established by law and which are objective and reasonable.
- The electoral system should endeavor to ensure equal suffrage by according each voter and vote equal weight.
- Secrecy of the ballot should be maintained throughout the entire voting process.