"States have an obligation to investigate effectively, impartially and in a timely manner any allegation or reasonable suspicion of unlawful use of force or other violations by law enforcement officials, including sexual or gender-based violence, in the context of assemblies. Both intentional and negligent action or inaction can amount to a violation of human rights. Individual officials responsible for violations must be held accountable under domestic and, where relevant, international law, and effective remedies must be available to victims."
DocumentUN (CCPR): General Comment No. 37: The Right of Peaceful Assembly (Article 21), para. 90
- Malfeasance, unlawful actions or omissions by public security providers should be promptly investigated and entail appropriate liability set by law.
- States have a duty to investigate alleged rights violations.
- The duty to investigate includes the investigation of acts by private persons and entities.