"For this purpose, both the Constitution and current legal norms should provide for the functional, administrative, and financial autonomy of the institution responsible for electoral justice."
DocumentOAS: Observing Electoral Justice Systems: A Manual for OAS Election Observation Missions, p. 16
- Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing by a competent, impartial, and independent tribunal in determination of his/her rights.
- In the determination of suits at law the independence and impartiality of tribunals is an absolute right.
- Any body that meets the criteria of impartiality and independence can be considered a tribunal.
- Independence of the judiciary requires proper procedures detailing appointment, term limits, security, and remuneration.
- Impartiality requires that judges act without bias, and that the tribunal appears unbiased to the reasonable observer.