The right to freedom of expression applies to all forms of media, including the internet.
- Freedom of expression, information and communication should be respected in a digital as well as in a non-digital environment, and should not be subject to restrictions other than those provided for in Article 10 of the ECHR [Freedom of Expression], simply because communication is carried in digital form.
- In this context, member states should: i. refrain from filtering internet content in electronic communications networks operated by public actors for reasons other than those laid down in art. 10, para. 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights, as interpreted by the European Court of Human Rights.
- Political parties and candidates should be provided access to media and equal treatment in media owned or controlled by the state so that voters can be informed of political platforms, views, and goals in a fair and unbiased manner. This covers all forms of the media, including radio, television, newspapers, and evolving forms of media such as the Internet.
- The right to freedom of expression applies to the Internet, just as it does to other communication media. The international community, as well as national governments, should actively promote universal access to the Internet...States should not adopt separate rules limiting Internet content.
- These standards should also apply to new communications technologies such as the Internet, which are of enormous value in promoting the right to freedom of expression and the free flow of information and ideas, particularly across frontiers and at the global level. Any restrictions on these new communications technologies should not: limit or restrict the free flow of information and ideas protected by the right to freedom of expression.
- The Internet, at both the global and national levels, should be overseen only by bodies which are protected against government, political and commercial interference, just as freedom from such interference is already universally acknowledged in the area of the print and broadcast media.
- Restrictions on Internet content, whether they apply to the dissemination or the receipt of information should only be imposed in strict conformity with the guarantee of freedom of expression...