Where private funding contributions are allowed, the system should be designed to ensure equality of freedom to raise private funds.
- Where there are provisions in the legal framework for elections relating to private contributions to campaign expenses incurred on behalf of parties and candidates, these should be so designed as to ensure equality of freedom to raise private funds.
- It is therefore important that legislation is adopted which counteracts the imbalance in opportunities for political participation and in competition generated by unequal access to private donations, and which also curtails the potentially corrupting effects of private funding.
- Funding political parties through private contributions is also a form of political participation. Thus, legislation should attempt to achieve a balance between encouraging moderate contributions and limiting unduly large contributions.
- The amount of public funding awarded to parties must be carefully designed to guarantee the utility of such funding, while at the same time ensuring that private contributions are not made superfluous or their impact nullified.