Effective implementation of electoral law requires sanctions against the infringement of electoral law.
- The right to a remedy for violation of human rights is itself a human right, while sanctions against those who infringe the provisions of the electoral law are implicitly required in any effective system of implementation.
- The national electoral law must also protect the political process from corruption, official misfeasance, obstruction, undue influence, personation, bribery, treating, intimidation and all other forms of illegal and corrupt practice. Prosecutions, procedures and penalties must respect international standards for human rights in the administration of justice.
- Violation of the secrecy of the ballot must be punished, just like violations of other aspects of voter freedom.