"[P]rovision may be made for depriving individuals of their right to vote and to be elected, but only subject to the following cumulative conditions. ii. it must be provided for by law; iii. the proportionality principle must be observed; conditions for depriving individuals of the right to stand for election may be less strict than for disenfranchising them; iv. The deprivation must be based on ... a criminal conviction for a serious offence. v. Furthermore, the withdrawal of political rights ... may only be imposed by express decision of a court of law. "
DocumentCoE (Venice Commission): Code of Good Practice in Electoral Matters, I.1.1.d.i-v
- The right to vote should not be restricted based on any perceived or actual disability and mental health status, including pursuant to an individualized assessment.
- Limits placed on the right to vote must be based on objective and reasonable criteria.
- Loss of the right to be elected may only be imposed following adjudication by a court.
- Limits on individuals wishing to run for office may only be based on objective and reasonable criteria, including criminal conviction.
- The right to vote is not absolute and can be restricted based on objective and reasonable criteria.