"Depending on the subject matter, equality may be strict or proportional. If it is strict, political parties are treated on an equal footing irrespective of their current parliamentary strength or support among the electorate. If it is proportional, political parties must be treated according to the results achieved in the elections. Equality of opportunity applies in particular to radio and television air-time, public funds, and other forms of backing."
DocumentCoE (Venice Commission): Code of Good Practice in Electoral Matters, I.2.3.b
- The formula for the distribution of state support to to candidates and political parties should be objective, fair, and reasonable.
- Where legislation allows for public funding, private funding, or a mix of the two, legislation should ensure that all political parties and candidates are treated equitably with respect to campaign finance and expenditures.
- If public funds are distributed to political parties and candidates, those funds should be available on an equitable basis.
- Political parties and candidates must have access to the public media on a non-discriminatory basis.