Political parties must embrace the principles of equal opportunity for female candidates.
- Governments should encourage political parties to examine the extent to which women are full and equal participants in their activities and, where this is not the case, should identify the reasons for this. Political parties should be encouraged to adopt effective measures, including the provision of information, financial and other resources, to overcome obstacles to women's full participation and representation and ensure that women have an equal opportunity in practice to serve as party officials and to be nominated as candidates for election.
- Measures that should be identified, implemented and monitored for effectiveness include, under article 7, paragraph (a), those designed to: (a) Achieve a balance between women and men holding publicly elected positions.
- The Committee recommends that States parties: (d) Ensure that electoral reforms incorporate the principle of gender equality, and guarantee women’s equal representation through the adoption of temporary special measures such as quotas, including for disadvantaged groups of women; adopt a proportional representation electoral system; regulate political parties; and mandate electoral management bodies to ensure compliance through sanctions.
- Political parties must embrace the principles of equal opportunity and democracy and endeavour to balance the number of male and female candidates.
- [Member states should] protect and promote the equal civil and political rights of women and men, including running for office and freedom of association.
- Provisions concerning candidate qualifications must be clear and must not discriminate against women or particular racial and ethnic groups. Disqualification should be subject to independent review.