Reasonable limitations may be placed on private funding contributions to level the playing field during campaign activities.
- States should: iii. adopt measures to prevent established ceilings from being circumvented.
- States should: ii. consider the possibility of introducing rules limiting the value of donations to political parties.
- Although the legal framework should permit private funding of political campaigns, reasonable limitations on the amount of private contributions are permissible. What is reasonable depends on the type of election and factors unique to the particular country, such as geography, demographics, and relative costs of media and other campaign materials. It is also acceptable to limit the total amount of expenditures of the electoral contestants in a given campaign. Although the legal framework should permit electoral contestants to expend sufficient resources to convey a political message, there is no minimum standard that requires that electoral contestants be given an opportunity to buy an election.
- Limits on campaign spending may be necessary to prevent a disproportionate or one-sided campaign, but should not be so strict as to prevent effective campaigning.
- States should consider introducing rules which limit the value of donations to political parties and candidates.
- Where there are provisions in the legal framework for elections relating to private contributions to campaign expenses incurred on behalf of parties and candidates, these should be so designed as to ensure equality of freedom to raise private funds. Furthermore, these provisions may include limits on contributions in order to 'level the playing field' to a reasonable degree, taking into account geographic, demographic and material costs.
- [States should] ensure transparency of the electoral process, particularly in: 8.2.2. electoral campaign funding and party financing: legislation in this field is necessary not only to regulate the origin of funding and set a limit on expenditure, but also to enable all voters to have access to data on the nature and amount of campaign and party spending.
- A party may receive donations within the limits of domestic law, which may prohibit donations from certain sources. By no means may parties interpret private donations as granting any possibility to influence and/or alter the party programme and/or party policies. Parties must adhere to laws that require disclosing the origin of private donations to parties.
- The ideal requirements for political finance regulation in post-conflict societies listed below should be viewed as goals for the international community to achieve given the challenging constraints in which they are operating. There are three key requirements in the areas of legal framework, resources for political actors and institutions...1. A legal framework for political finance regulation—contained in the electoral law, the political parties law or a separate political finance law—should include: Realistic limitations on monetary and non-monetary contributions from private sources for political activity, probably with a relatively high limit on the size of donations.