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  • Periodic Elections

    Elections are to be held at periodic intervals.
    • Legal Framework, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Election Management, Voter Education, Candidacy and Campaigning, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, The Media, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “To vote and be elected at genuine periodic elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret ballot, guaranteeing the free expression of the will of the voter.”

    • Legal Framework, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Election Management, Voter Education, Candidacy and Campaigning, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, The Media, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “The Parties hereto proceed from the assumption that elections of the elective bodies of state power, local self-governments, other bodies of people’s (national) representation, elective officials are compulsory and they are carried out in terms fixed by the constitutions and laws.”

    • Candidacy and Campaigning, Voter Education, Electoral Dispute Resolution, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Election Management, Legal Framework, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, Voter Registration, The Media

      “Every citizen shall enjoy the following rights: b. to vote and to be elected in genuine periodic elections, which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and by secret ballot that guarantees the free expression of the will of the voters.”

    • Legal Framework, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Election Management, Voter Education, Candidacy and Campaigning, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, The Media, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “The High Contracting Parties undertake to hold free elections at reasonable intervals by secret ballot, under conditions which will ensure the free expression of the opinion of the people in the choice of the legislature.”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Election Management, Candidacy and Campaigning, Legal Framework, Electoral Dispute Resolution, Vote Counting and Tabulation, The Media, Voter Education, Voter Registration, Voting Operations

      “State Parties shall implement this Charter in accordance with the following principles: 4. Holding of regular, transparent, free and fair elections.”

    • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, The Media, Voter Education, Vote Counting and Tabulation, Legal Framework, Candidacy and Campaigning, Voting Operations, Election Management, Electoral Dispute Resolution, Voter Registration

      “State Parties shall strive to institutionalize good political governance through: (7) Organising regular, free and fair elections.”

    • Legal Framework, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Election Management, Voter Education, Candidacy and Campaigning, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, The Media, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “All the elections shall be organized on the dates or at periods fixed by the Constitution or the electoral laws.”

    • Legal Framework, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Election Management, Voter Education, Candidacy and Campaigning, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, The Media, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “At the very least, elections must be held often enough to ensure that governmental authority continues to reflect the Will of the People, which…is the basis of governmental legitimacy.”

    • Legal Framework, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation, Election Management, Voter Education, Candidacy and Campaigning, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, The Media, Electoral Dispute Resolution

      “The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.”

    • Legal Framework, Election Management, Voter Education, Candidacy and Campaigning, Voter Registration, Voting Operations, Vote Counting and Tabulation, The Media, Electoral Dispute Resolution, Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation

      “Regular elections constitute a key element of the democratization process and therefore, are essential ingredients for good governance, the rule of law, the maintenance and promotion of peace, security, stability and development.”

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

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Convention on the Standards of Democratic Elections, Electoral Rights and Freedoms in the Commonwealth of Independent States

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American Convention on Human Rights

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Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (European Convention on Human Rights) as amended by Protocol No. 11

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African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance

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Protocol A/SP1/12/01 on Democracy and Good Governance Supplementary to the Protocol Relating to the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping, and Security

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General Comment No. 25: The Right to Participate in Public Affairs, Voting Rights and the Right to Equal Access to Public Service (Article 25)

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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African Union Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa

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