Some measures taken to ensure equitable representation of minority groups should not be considered discriminatory.
- The States Parties undertake to adopt the special policies and affirmative actions needed to ensure the enjoyment or exercise of rights and fundamental freedoms of persons or groups that are subject to discrimination or intolerance for the purpose of promoting equitable conditions for equal opportunity, inclusion, and progress for such persons or groups.
- Special rules guaranteeing national minorities reserved seats or providing for exceptions to the normal seat allocation criteria for parties representing national minorities (for instance, exemption from a quorum requirement) do not in principles run counter to equal suffrage.
- The geographic boundaries of electoral districts should facilitate the equitable representation of national minorities.
- in some cases, electoral districts may be purposely designed and drawn to ensure that minority groupings are represented.