The legal framework for elections should provide effective redress for violations of electoral rights.
- There was a timely and effective means of seeking redress for violations of rights regarding candidacy and campaigning
- A system to file complaints related to the media was available for all citizens
- Sanctions for violations of the electoral law were proportionate, appropriate, and effectively enforced
- The legal framework provided citizens with an effective (timely and enforceable) remedy throughout the electoral process
- Every woman has the right to the recognition, enjoyment, exercise and protection of all human rights and freedoms embodied in regional and international human rights instruments. These rights include, among others: ...g. The right to simple and prompt recourse to a competent court for protection against acts that violate her rights.
- State Parties re-affirm their commitment to regularly holding transparent, free and fair elections in accordance with the Union’s Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa. To this end, State Parties shall: 2. Establish and strengthen national mechanisms that redress election related disputes in a timely manner.
- We commit our Governments to: c) establish impartial, all-inclusive, competent and accountable national electoral bodies staffed by qualified personnel, as well as competent legal entities including effective constitutional courts to arbitrate in the event of disputes arising from the conduct of elections
- Establish impartial, all-inclusive, competent and accountable national electoral bodies staffed by qualified personnel, as well as competent legal entities including effective constitutional courts to arbitrate in the event of disputes arising from the conduct of elections.
- The electoral law should provide a mechanism for the invalidation of election results. In both parliamentary and presidential elections, the decision to partially or fully invalidate election results should be assigned to the highest electoral body. This decision should be reviewable by the highest body of the judiciary or the Constitutional Court.
- "[States should] strengthen supervision by ensuring an effective, transparent and accessible complaints and appeals system in order to put an end to the culture of impunity for election-related offences and enhance public confidence in the electoral process."
- Mechanisms for resolving election disputes should be governed by a coherent body of legal norms, preferably in a distinct chapter or section of the law. The terms, wording and legal scope of the election dispute provisions on the different subject matters should be mutually uniform also as to secure their consistency and completeness. the language used through the law should be clear and consistent so as to eliminate arbitrary interpretation.
- Another important element of the legislative framework is the complaints and appeals process, which must provide effective and timely remedies in the event of violations of law. Complaints concerning the election process must be dealt with equitably, transparently, and according to due process of law. Procedures and deadlines should be clearly set out in the election law. Time frames must be sufficiently short to ensure a meaningful remedy. There must be accessible and adequate facilities for filing complaints.
- The legal framework should provide effective mechanisms and remedies for the enforcement of electoral rights. The right to vote is a fundamental human right and the right to a remedy for violation of the right to vote is also a fundamental human right. The legal framework for elections must set forth detailed and sufficient provisions protecting suffrage rights.
- Procedures and deadlines should be clearly set out in the election law. Time frames must be sufficiently short to ensure a meaningful remedy. There must be accessible and adequate facilities for filing complaints.
- The appeal body must have authority in particular over such matters as the right to vote – including electoral registers – and eligibility, the validity of candidatures, proper observance of election campaign rules and the outcome of the elections.