The state should endeavor to ensure a pluralistic media that allows its citizens to access a variety of viewpoints and media outlets.
- The Parties [States], in the spirit of co-operation and mutual assistance which underlies this Convention, shall endeavour to avoid that programme services transmitted or retransmitted by a broadcaster or any other legal or natural person within their jurisdiction, within the meaning of Article 3 [defining jurisdiction], endanger media pluralism.
- Member States agree to create political and economic environment conducive to the growth of pluralistic media.
- The freedom and pluralism of the media shall be respected.
- States should adopt effective measures to avoid undue concentration of media ownership, although such measures shall not be so stringent that they inhibit the development of the media sector as a whole.
- [States should foster citizen participation in the electoral process by] ensuring freedom of political debate in the media and guaranteeing that electoral campaigns are open and accessible and that they allow genuine debate that is not only of interest to voters but also informative for their choices. This requires, in particular, transparency and pluralism of all media as well as equal access for all candidates and political parties to the public service media, which should be impartial. Any national regulations on election campaigns should strike a fair balance between freedom of expression and ensuring equal opportunities.
- Monopolies or oligopolies…conspire against democracy by limiting the plurality and diversity which ensure the full exercise of people's right to information.
- Declare that in the field of information and mass media they seek to achieve the following objectives: d. the existence of a wide variety of independent and autonomous media, permitting the reflection of diversity of ideas and opinions.
- During electoral campaigns, regulatory frameworks should encourage and facilitate the pluralistic expression of opinions via the broadcast media.
- Freedom of expression imposes an obligation on the authorities to take positive measure to promote diversity, which include among other things: Availability and promotion of a range of information and ideas to the public; pluralistic access to the media and other means of communication, including by vulnerable or marginalised groups, such as women children and refugees, as well as linguistic and cultural groups.
- Effective measures should be adopted to prevent undue concentration of media ownership.
- A monopoly or excessive concentration of ownership of media, in the hands of a few is to be avoided in the interest of developing a plurality of viewpoints and voices; State-owned media have a responsibility to report on all aspects of national life and to provide access to a diversity of viewpoints.
- Calls upon all States: (h) To promote a pluralistic approach to information and multiple points of views through encouraging a diversity of ownership of media and of sources of information, including mass media, through inter alia, transparent licensing systems and effective regulations on undue concentration of ownership of the media in the private sector.
- In recognition of the particular importance of media diversity to democracy, special measures, including anti-monopoly rules, should be put in place to prevent undue concentration of media or cross-media ownership, both horizontal and vertical.
- An independent and pluralistic media is essential to a free and open society and accountable government.
- The media therefore have a great deal of responsibility placed on them during election periods, and it is essential that the mass media of radio, television and newspapers provide a sufficient level of coverage of the elections that is fair, balanced and impartial, so that the public are informed of the whole spectrum of political opinions and ideas.
- An independent and diverse media sector is the best way to ensure that a wide range of opinion and viewpoints are expressed and communicated to the public.
- Sufficient 'space' should be allocated to broadcasting uses on different communications platforms to ensure that, as a whole, the public is able to receive a range of diverse broadcasting services…Different types of broadcasters--commercial, public service and community--should be able to operate on, and have equitable access to, all available distribution platforms.
- States should put in place a range of measures, including those highlighted in our Joint Declaration of 12 December 2007, to create an environment in which a pluralistic media sector can flourish. These should include, among others, obligations of transparency of media ownership, licensing of different types of broadcasters to promote diversity, rules to prevent undue concentration of media ownership and measures to promote content diversity among and within media outlets.
- Access by the public to information should be guaranteed by the diversity of the sources and means of information available to it, thus enabling each individual to check the accuracy of facts and to appraise events objectively. To this end, journalists must have freedom to report and the fullest possible facilities of access to information.