Obligation

Right and Opportunity to Participate in Public Affairs

International and regional treaties protect the ability of citizens to participate in the public affairs of their country.[1] Women as well as men have the right to participate in the public affairs of their country. International treaties also explicitly protect the rights of people with disabilities and members of minority groups to participate in public affairs. State practice sources suggest that states have the obligation to respect the right of civil society groups (including citizen observer organizations) to engage in the political and electoral process, including granting accreditation to allow such activities.[2]

Observation: Regional treaties are clear that the participation of observers, both citizen and international, may enhance all aspects of the electoral process and should be facilitated.[3]

Issues


The Legal Framework for Electoral Systems and Boundary Delimitation

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation

There were clear legal provisions regarding the electoral system and boundary delimitation

  • Electoral legislation should be made widely available to the public for review. [?]

Candidature

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Candidacy and Campaigning

Citizens were able to support any and all candidates of their choice

  • Voters should be allowed to sign ballot qualification petitions for more than one candidate or party. [?]

Partisan and Nonpartisan Observation of Vote Counting and Tabulation

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Vote Counting and Tabulation

If electronic voting systems were used, there was an open and comprehensive audit

  • The audit system for electronic technologies should be open and comprehensive. [?]

Candidates and their representatives, as well as observers, were able to observe polling and counting

  • Candidates or their agents and accredited observers should be allowed to observe the counting and tabulation of the votes. [?]
  • The participation of domestic observers may enhance all aspects of the electoral process. [?]

Party agents and accredited observers were given copies of the protocols and tabulation sheets from the results center

  • Candidates or their agents and accredited observers should be allowed to observe the counting and tabulation of the votes. [?]

The vote-counting process was transparent and observable

  • Suspension or exclusion of participatory rights is prohibited except on grounds established by law and which are objective and reasonable. [?]
  • Women have the right to participate in the public affairs of their country. [?]
  • Candidates or their agents and accredited observers should be allowed to observe the counting and tabulation of the votes. [?]
  • Candidates, party agents, and accredited observers should have access to polling stations. [?]
  • The participation of domestic observers may enhance all aspects of the electoral process. [?]
  • Candidates and party agents should have access to polling stations. [?]
  • The audit system for electronic technologies should be open and comprehensive. [?]
  • Everyone has the right to participate in the public affairs of his/her country. [?]

Citizen Participation in the Boundary Delimitation Process

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Electoral System and Boundary Delimitation

The boundary delimitation process was subject to independent scrutiny by civil society, candidates and political parties, or other groups

  • There should be public participation in the delimitation process. [?]
  • Candidates' agents should be guaranteed access to monitor all aspects of the electoral process. [?]

The right to participate in public affairs was protected, including during the boundary delimitation process

  • Everyone has the right to participate in the public affairs of his/her country. [?]
  • Women have the right to participate in the public affairs of their country. [?]

Partisan and Nonpartisan Observation of the Voter Registration Process

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Voter Registration

Citizen observers were able to access and comment on all parts of the electoral process, including voter registration

  • Women have the right to participate in the public affairs of their country. [?]
  • The participation of domestic observers may enhance all aspects of the electoral process. [?]
  • Candidates' agents should be guaranteed access to monitor all aspects of the electoral process, including voter registration. [?]
  • Everyone has the right to participate in the public affairs of his/her country. [?]

Candidates and parties were able to monitor the elections and had access to the voter list without undue cost

  • Parties should have access to the voter roll without undue cost. [?]
  • Candidates' agents should be guaranteed access to monitor all aspects of the electoral process, including voter registration. [?]

Partisan and Nonpartisan Observation of Voter Education

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Voter Education

Citizens were able to participate in public affairs through nongovernmental organizations

  • Everyone has the right to participate in the public affairs of his/her country. [?]
  • The participation of domestic observers may enhance all aspects of the electoral process. [?]

Observers, citizen and international, were given access to the voter education process

  • The participation of domestic observers may enhance all aspects of the electoral process. [?]

Provision of Voter Education by Civil Society and Political Parties

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Voter Education

Civil society organizations participated in voter education

  • Political parties, civic organizations, and international organizations may contribute to voter education efforts. [?]
  • Everyone has the right to participate in the public affairs of his/her country. [?]

Political parties and/or candidates were permitted to provide voter education

  • Political parties, civic organizations, and international organizations may contribute to voter education efforts. [?]

Observation of the Campaign Period

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Candidacy and Campaigning

Citizens were able to participate in public affairs through political parties and nongovernmental organizations

  • Everyone has the right to participate in the public affairs of his/her country. [?]

Election observers were able to observe the campaign process

  • The participation of domestic observers may enhance all aspects of the electoral process. [?]
  • Candidates, party agents, and accredited observers should have access to polling stations. [?]
  • Candidates or their agents and accredited observers should be allowed to observe the counting and tabulation of the votes. [?]

Partisan and Nonpartisan Observation of Voting Operations

  • Relevant Election Parts:
  • Voting Operations

Candidates and their representatives were able to observe polling and counting as means of protecting their right to be elected

  • Candidates' agents should be guaranteed access to monitor all aspects of the electoral process. [?]
  • Candidates, party agents, and accredited observers should have access to polling stations. [?]
  • Candidates and party agents should have access to polling stations. [?]

The state accredited citizen observer organizations and facilitated their ability to conduct their activities

  • The participation of domestic observers may enhance all aspects of the electoral process. [?]

Sources

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